The language of Design

 The Elements of Design



  1. Space - A wall enclosed a space, defined it and articulated it.
  2. Form and shape - Shapes are square, circular, cubic, round, etc. Form takes account of shape, internal structure.
  3. Area - A two dimensional extent of shape.
  4. Plane - A two dimensional shape.
  5. Shapes are categorised as rectilinear, angled or curved. Most spaces are a combination of them.
  6. Lines are categoriesed as vertical, horizontals, diagonals, big upward curves, horizontal curves, large downward curves, small curves.
  7. Texture and ornament - Texture refers to the surface quality of materials. Ornament refers to the decorative qualities.

Principles of design

  1. Balance - Symmetrical balance is when one side of something is the exact rivers of the other half. Asymmetrical balance refers to informal and active results when the visual weights are equivalent but not identical. Radial balance is a circular movement out from, towards, or around a focal point.
  2. Rhythm - Continuity and organised movement which contribute to the beauty of homes.
  3. Unity and harmony are the consequences of rhythmic repetition and progression.
  4. Emphasis - Giving more significance and importance to certain areas or objects.
  5. Harmony, variety, and unity - Together they make an harmonious area.
  6. Proportion and scale - Precaution is desolation of one part to another and scale is the relative size.


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